- Rosenmuller, C.
Renewed interest in the linkage between finance and the state has led historians to reexamine corruption. While there is scholarly consensus that the royal sale of appointments (beneficio) corrupted governance and weakened royal authority in a stagna"As Pertaining to the Female Sex": The Legal and Social Norms of Female Entrepreneurship in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro, Brazil- Zimmerman, K.
This article analyzes how and where women participated in Brazilian commerce between 1869 and 1904. Over half of Rio de Janeiro's female population worked at the twentieth century's turn, but very little is known about women in commerce. Ev"The Shadow of Slavery": Historical Time, Labor, and Citizenship in Nineteenth-Century Alta Verapaz, Guatemala- Gibbings, J.
In the midst of Guatemala's nineteenth-century coffee boom, a frost struck the department of Alta Verapaz, destroying coffee harvests and catalyzing a debate over the "slavery" of mandamiento (forced wage labor). At the heart of theseThe View from Havana: Chilean Exiles in Cuba and Early Resistance to Chile's Dictatorship, 1973-1977- Harmer, T.
This article explores the history of Chilean exiles in Cuba and their role in early resistance to the Chilean dictatorship between 1973 and 1977. From the perspective of the Chilean exile–led Comité Chileno de Solidaridad con la Resistencia Antifasci