"They Are Blacks of the Caste of Black Christians": Old Christian Black Blood in the Sixteenth- and Early Seventeenth-Century Iberian Atlantic- Ireton, C.
Hundreds of Castilian free black men and women obtained royal travel licenses to cross the Atlantic in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries as black Old Christians. They settled across the Spanish Indies and developed trades as artisans, tra- Chowning, M.
In 1867 the Benito Juárez government prohibited the teaching of Christian doctrine in public schools. The ensuing debate over religion and education became part of Mexico's Kulturkampf. This article briefly surveys this debate but focuses on wheComing of Age in Exile: Victor Raul Haya de la Torre and the Genesis of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, 1923-1931- Dorais, G.
This article tells an untold story about Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, the legendary leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party. It contextualizes and deepens the existing analysis of how he came of age politically and engaged with the formation of the Ame- Schwall, E.
This article analyzes the politics of dance collaborations between Cubans and Mexicans from 1959 to 1983. During this period, Mexican modern dancers worked in Cuba, and Cuban ballet dancers in Mexico. Over years of close, visceral encounters, Mexican